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Here’s What You Should Know About MS

Multiple sclerosis, commonly known as MS, is a disease of the central nervous system that can have debilitating results. As with any disease, it’s important to recognize the signs, especially if your family has a history of MS, to be as preventative and responsive as possible.

Defining MS

When a body suffers from multiple sclerosis, the immune system attacks the protective layer that covers nerve fibers in the brain and spinal cord. Eventually, the brain and the rest of the body can no longer communicate effectively, which results in physical and mental difficulties.

This process is similar to what happens when the insulation coating on electrical wires is worn away or broken. When the wires (or, in MS, nerve fibers) are exposed, the messages that travel along that wire (or nerve) are slowed or blocked.

Causes of MS

Despite such impressive medical advancements in the 21st century, the cause of MS is still unknown. Doctors categorize it as an autoimmune disease since the body’s immune system attacks its own tissue.

A few risk factors may increase a person’s chances of developing MS. Women between the ages of 15 and 60 are twice as likely as men to develop MS, and those with a family history are also at an increased risk. If you are worried about your risks, speak to your local Port Richey doctor for advice. Race also seems to play a part, as white people of Northern European descent are by far the most common to develop MS, while those of African or Native American descent are least likely.

MS Warning Signals

MS is tricky to pin down because it looks different in every person and the symptoms don’t always remain consistent. However, the most common symptoms of MS are slurred speech, lack of coordination, tingling in certain parts of the body, and numbness or weakness in certain limbs. Others with MS experience partial or complete loss of vision, usually in one eye at a time. As time goes on, paralysis in the legs might occur, as well as epilepsy, depression, and muscle spasms.

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